A new study
released by the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway maritime industry shows
that Indiana plays a crucial role in cargo shipping on this binational
Impacts of Maritime Shipping in the Great Lakes St. Lawrence Region,” the
study was prepared by Martin Associates, a leading economic consulting firm
specializing in maritime analysis.
sponsors include the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation, the St.
Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation, the American Great Lakes Ports
Association, the Chamber of Marine Commerce, the Lake Carriers' Association,
and the Shipping Federation of Canada.
The Great Lakes St.
Lawrence Seaway System is the longest deep-draft waterway in the world,
spanning 2,300 miles from Duluth, Minn., to the Atlantic Ocean. This
commercial waterway serves ports in the eight Great Lakes states and the
Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. System users include key
industries such as steel production, power generation, construction, and
agriculture. Located on the south shore of Lake Michigan, the Port of
Indiana-Burns Harbor is one of the Great Lakes' busiest international ports
and is beginning a $20 million expansion to double the port's capacity for
handling bulk commodities.
The Great Lakes
shoreline spans more than 4,800 miles in the U.S., with only 45 miles of
that in Indiana, yet with less than 1 percent of the shoreline, Indiana
accounts for over half of the U.S. economic activity related to shipping on
the Great Lakes. Cargo movements on the Great Lakes generated the following
economic impacts in Indiana during 2017:
* Supported 66,158
jobs (nearly 45 percent of the total U.S. jobs attributable to Great Lakes
* Created $13.7
billion in economic activity (53 percent of U.S. total).
* Generated $4.9
billion in personal income (47 percent of U.S. total).
The study analyzed
the 2017 navigation system and documents that more than 143 million tons of
cargo valued at $15.2 billion were moved on the Great Lakes Seaway system.
This cargo created the following economic impacts in the binational region:
* Supported 237,868
* Created $35
billion in economic activity ($25.6 billion in U.S. alone).
* Generated $14.2
billion in personal income.
* Paid $6.2 billion
in federal/state/local taxes.
The study also
analyses the economic impacts of specific navigation infrastructure. The St.
Lawrence Seaway consists of a series of canals and 15 navigation locks
between Lake Erie and Montreal. This vital waterway connects the Great Lakes
to the Atlantic Ocean and enables Great Lakes ports to access global
markets. Commerce utilizing the Seaway supported 92,661 jobs in 2017.
Operated by the
Army Corps of Engineers, the Soo Locks are located in Sault Ste. Marie,
Mich., and connect Lake Superior to the lower four Great Lakes. Commerce
transiting the Soo Locks was responsible for 123,172 jobs in 2017.