News: TRAVERSE CITY, Mich. (AP) — Two more water samples from near
Lake Michigan have been found to contain genetic material from invasive
officials tell The Associated Press the samples were taken from Chicago's
Lake Calumet, where the Army Corps of Engineers reported seven other
positive DNA hits earlier this week.
The DNA came
from silver carp, one of two Asian varieties that have migrated up the
Mississippi River and its tributaries for decades and are threatening to
enter the Great Lakes.
positive hits turned up during a second round of tests in Lake Calumet
triggered by the earlier findings. Samples from a third round are being
If they also
reveal carp DNA, officials will decide whether to take rapid-response
measures such as spreading fish poison or intensifying commercial netting.
TRAVERSE CITY, Mich. (AP) — Analysts have discovered more genetic material
from Asian carp beyond an electric barrier designed to prevent them from
invading the Great Lakes, renewing a debate over the federal government’s
strategy for protecting the region’s waters from the voracious fish.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers reported this week that nine water samples
taken in May and June from Chicago-area waterways contained DNA from silver
carp, one of the Asian species threatening to enter the lakes after
migrating northward for decades in the Mississippi River and its
tributaries. That brings to 81 the number of positive DNA hits beyond the
barrier since sampling began in 2009.
Hundreds of other samples taken in the area have contained no carp DNA.
Still, environmentalists said the findings showed the barrier in the Chicago
Sanitary and Ship Canal, the man-made linkage between Lake Michigan and the
Mississippi basin, isn’t getting the job done. They favor construction of
physical barriers to sever ties between the two watersheds.
“The Army Corps and a number of other agencies have tried very hard to
convince the public that their efforts have gotten the problem under
control,” Thom Cmar, an attorney with the Natural Resources Defense Council,
said Thursday. “It’s clear that there are still some (Asian carp) present in
the waterway system and we need to be acting more quickly to permanently
solve the problem.’”
Michigan Attorney General Bill Schuette said the federal government needs to
speed up its long-range analysis of how best to stop aquatic species from
migrating between the Great Lakes and other water systems, where they
compete with native species for food and habitat.
“We don’t need any more studies,” Schuette said. “We need to act.”
John Goss, the Obama administration’s Asian carp program coordinator, told
The Associated Press it remains unclear whether the “environmental DNA”
findings signal the presence of live fish — and if so, how many. The genetic
markers could have come from dead fish or from bilge water picked up by
boats on the other side of the barrier, which consists of three separate
electric fields, he said.
Measuring the effectiveness of the barrier network, about 25 miles from
Chicago, is a top priority this year for the government’s Asian carp task
force. Technicians have implanted ultrasonic transmitters in 166 fish on
both sides of the electric field to trace their movements and none have
passed through, Army Corps spokeswoman Jacqueline Tate said.
Underwater sonar cameras have recorded images of some fish approaching the
barrier but none traversing it or even making the attempt, Goss said.
“All the information we have is that the barriers are effective,” he said.
Seven of the nine water samples that tested positive for silver carp DNA
were taken in Lake Calumet on Chicago’s South Side, Tate said. Lake Calumet,
linked to a river that flows into Lake Michigan, is where the only live
Asian carp found beyond the barrier was netted in June 2010. The other two
samples came from the Chicago River.
Federal agencies have taken two additional sets of water samples from those
areas as required by their “rapid response plan.” Both are being tested to
determine whether additional measures such as spreading fish poisons or
stepped-up commercial netting are needed, a spokeswoman for Goss said.
The Army Corps and other agencies are planning to complete their study of
possible invasive species solutions — including separation of the Great
Lakes and Mississippi basins — in 2015. Critics say that’s too slow. A
federal lawsuit filed by Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Pennsylvania and
Wisconsin demands quicker action.
Legislation pending in Congress would require the Army Corps to report
within 18 months on the feasibility of separating the two systems. The
Alliance for the Great Lakes, an environmental group based in Chicago, urged
supporters Thursday to lobby their representatives to support the bill.
Sen. Debbie Stabenow, a Michigan Democrat, urged the Army Corps to close
shipping locks on the Chicago waterways as an interim step, which the Corps
repeatedly has refused to do. Chicago-area business interests say it would
disrupt cargo traffic and hammer the local economy.
“If we do not see action, the Great Lakes will continue to remain vulnerable
to irreversible disaster,” Stabenow said.