CHICAGO (AP) — A “gun” that shoots powerful pulses of water might be used to
keep Asian carp from slipping into Lake Michigan near a Chicago shipping
lock if testing this summer determines it wouldn’t damage the structure, an
official from the U.S Geological Survey said Thursday.
The water cannon, which creates enough energy to deter or kill fish, could
be positioned near the lock, the point where some fear the invasive carp
could get into the lake if the fish somehow got through electrical barriers
already operating in canals farther inland, said Leon M. Carl, USGS regional
“My guess is that this would stop them ... and that would be to me something
that we’d really like to have in place,” Carl told The Associated Press
after a public hearing, calling the water guns an “urgent” measure to deter
and control the carp.
Right now, three electrical barriers sending pulses through shipping canals
west of Chicago are the only things stopping the carp from reaching Lake
Michigan, where biologists fear the voracious fish could disrupt the food
web by outcompeting less aggressive fish for plankton and eventually
threaten the Great Lakes’ $7 billion fishing industry. The carp can grow to
4 feet in length and weigh up to 100 pounds.
Asian bighead and silver carp were introduced in the South and have been
making their way north for decades. They’re now just miles from Lake
Michigan, in a network of manmade canals engineered over 100 years ago to
reverse the flow of the Chicago River and create a link between the Great
Lakes and Mississippi River watersheds.
The USGS also is researching the use of pheromones that could attract the
carp to one area, continuous sonar to deter them and a possible chemical
control specific to the carp, Carl said.
But environmental groups say such measures, while they could help buy some
time, are not a permanent solution, and they have urged the U.S. Army Corps
of Engineers to physically sever the Great Lakes and Mississippi drainage
basins, a step also sought by Michigan and four other Great Lakes states in
a pending federal lawsuit. The Corps has said it will consider that option
as it studies ways to prevent species migration between the two watersheds —
a process it says should be done in 2015.
“I’m not suggesting that (the USGS) research should not be happening ... but
there are no substitutes for a permanent solution,” said Joel Brammeier,
president of the Alliance for the Great Lakes. “Our last defense is really
the only defense.”
Carl, from the USGS, said his agency’s research likely would benefit more
than just the lakes.
“A lot of this would be transferrable to other areas and other species,” he
said, adding that states, including Minnesota and Pennsylvania, are
interested in water guns as a possible way to keep the carp from migrating
farther up rivers.
He said it’s unclear how many water guns, which cost several thousand
dollars each, would be needed near Chicago. “First, we have to make sure it
would not bring the canal walls down, but we really don’t think it’s going
to do that.”
Earlier this month, the U.S. Army Corps turned on a $19 million electric
fish barrier on the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal slightly upstream from
the other two. The underwater electrodes emit rapid pulses, creating a force
field meant to repel fish or shock those that don’t turn back.